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Death of Venice

Using French and German as well as English and Italian sources, he has written a vivid and masterful account of this forgotten struggle, also describing the war to free other north Italian cities, such as Milan, from the Austrian grip. By , Keates points out, Venetians so hated Austrian rule that it affected their food. Cuttlefish and polenta, in the Austrian colours of black and yellow, and potatoes - Austrian soldiers' staple diet - were spurned for rice and peas, followed by strawberries.

Thereby patriots showed their loyalty to the white, green and red of the Italian tricolour. Far from being frivolous and effete - as was their 18th-century reputation - most Venetians were prepared to fight "to the last polenta" in order to speak "those sacred words, 'We are Italians'". When all other Italian states, even Piedmont, with its professional army, abandoned the fight, Venice resisted until August The great national leader Mazzini called it "the heart of Italy by virtue of her unyielding will". The Cardinal Patriarch praised his city as "the very cradle and fortress of liberty".

Unfortunately for the Venetians, they faced Austria at one of the rare moments when its army was capable of winning battles.

The Great Betrayal : The Great Siege of Constantinople - carmacuraci.gq

The Austrian commander in Italy was the lethally efficient Field Marshal von Radetzky, a general with the common touch. The leader of Venice, an idealist in glasses called Daniele Manin, though honest and effective, could not compete.


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The Siege of Venice is dominated by two struggles: between freedom and tyranny, and between cities and states. Were Venetians fighting for Venice or Italy? No city had a stronger tradition of independence and republicanism than Venice.

No city fought harder to preserve it. Keates brings back to life the many voices, on the left as well as the right, who criticised the idea of Italy as a united state. Manin preferred an independent Venice to a united Italy. Venetians' vote for fusion with Italy in may have been motivated by the need for Piedmontese funds and soldiers rather than conviction.

Some federalists claimed - and many Italians would now agree - that "to free Italy they wish to change its very nature". The central role of France in Europe is shown by the failure of Venice and Lombardy to free themselves in when France refused to intervene. Only when Austria was attacked by France in , and by Prussia in , did Lombardy and Venice respectively become part of Italy.

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Your points will be added to your account once your order is shipped. Click on the cover image above to read some pages of this book! Few historians immersed themselves in their topics like bestselling, noted author Ernle Bradford.

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Specializing in the Mediterranean world and naval topics, Bradford was an enthusiastic sailor himself and spent almost thirty years sailing the Mediterranean, where many of his acclaimed books are set. Now, his engaging series of military histories is available to a new generation of readers.

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Constantinople, jewel of the East, whose Roman emperor embraced Christianity and transformed a fanatic cult into the most powerful religion the world had ever known. The city became itself a center of art, culture, and commerce and the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire. Yet, when the forces of Islam swept the Holy Land and captured Jerusalem, the avenging Christian crusaders set their eyes on Constantinople, attacked, and sacked it. In The Great Betrayal, Bradford brings to life this powerful tale of envy, greed, and betrayal.

Ernle Bradford was born in and died in He was a noted British historian specializing in the Mediterranean world and naval topics.

The Great Betrayal

Bradford was an enthusiastic sailor himself and spent almost thirty years sailing the Mediterranean, where many of his books are set. Bradford lived in Malta for a number of years. Help Centre. My Wishlist Sign In Join. Be the first to write a review. Add to Wishlist. Ships in 15 business days. Link Either by signing into your account or linking your membership details before your order is placed.