Distinguishing Between Capability and Condition. Cristine L. Morgan, Yohannes T. Maxine J. Levin, R. Dobos, S.
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- Soil Security.
- Colectomy - A Medical Dictionary, Bibliography, and Annotated Research Guide to Internet References.
Peaslee, D. Smith, C.
Quantifying Capability: GlobalSoilMap. General Concepts of Valuing and Caring for Soil. Field, Lorna E. Soil Health: Challenges and Opportunities.
Soil Security: Solving the Global Soil Crisis
Diane E. Stott, Bianca N. Skye Wills, Candiss Williams, C. Katie L. Storlien, Jason P.
Wight, Keith H. Paustian, Stephen J. Del Grosso et al. Upendra M. Sainju, H. Singh, B. The Dollars and Cents of Soil Health. Connectivity recognizes that societal interactions with and perspectives of soil influence the value we place on soil and the management strategies we use; this in turn influences human health through capability. Connectivity also recognizes that loss of land as a public good may negatively influence human health.
Codification has typically focused on soil and water conservation rather than directly on human health. However, conservation policies have led to improvements in water quality and increased soil health, leading to the production of higher-quality agricultural products in those soils. Therefore, there are significant opportunities to advance soils and human health studies and our understanding of these relationships under the soil security concept.
This chapter aims to demonstrate, by several illustrated examples, that human health should be considered as a major challenge of global soil security by emphasizing the fact that a soil contamination is a worldwide issue; estimations can be done based on local contamination but the extent and content of diffuse contamination is largely unknown; b although soil is able to store, filter, and reduce contamination, it can also transform and make accessible soil contaminants and their metabolites, contributing then to human health impacts.
The future scientific and societal challenges related to soil-human health studies and soil security dimensions are discussed based on current programs and literature review. Soil security refers to maintenance and improvement of soil resources and is closely related to food, water, and energy security. Human health is also a major concern, and food quality and consumption thus become important issues. Accordingly, the main purpose of this research was to measure the capacity of soil to meet nutrient requirements for human health in Korea.
The bases for assessment of nutrient requirement are national dietary reference intake DRI values, total amounts of crops and food consumed, total annual crop production, and nationwide soil fertility values.
SOILS FOR LIFE WORKSHOP AT THIRD GLOBAL SOIL SECURITY AND PLANETARY HEALTH CONFERENCE
The national nutritional requirements for the total population were calculated from the DRI, and the mass of nutrients that soil can supply to plants or humans was calculated based on national average concentrations of nutrients and cultivation areas.
Total production and consumption of crops and food were estimated from a national database. In contrast, all of the calcium and magnesium needed by Koreans was provided by soil. The primary conclusion of this research was that soil plays an important role in providing nutrients for human health and that soil security needs to extend to soil welfare.
The profound human-centric dominance in the Anthropocene has created changes in land use, biomes, climate, food networks, economies, and social communities, which in turn have impacted global resources, such as food, energy, and water, as well as the soils, that humanity and other terrestrial life-forms depend on for survival. We posit that a new integrative science is needed to support global soil security that facilitates improved soil synthesis of data, knowledge, understanding, experiences, beliefs, values, and actions related to soils considering multiple perspective dimensions, such as soil-environment, soil-politics, and soil-human.
Integrative soil security — a new term we coin in this paper — is based on i integration of individual and collective human needs, uses, values, beliefs, and perceptions of soils coalesced with ii quantitative knowledge of soils derived through empirical observation and quantitative analysis as well as iii systems that soils are embedded in e. We propose a Meta Soil Model MSM that is rooted in integral theory and integral ecology as the foundation for a new integral soil security with cognizance as the key integrator. We define an MSM as an integrative, multi-model framework to assess soil security within the context of regional and global human-environmental interactions.
Our thesis is that global soil security and the soil health crisis we face today are due to a lack of awareness and understanding of prominent values and benefits soils provide to sustain humanity. In this paper, we use the integral lens to explore global soil security. The integral ecology model uses four interconnected perspectives the individual-interior, collective-interior, individual-exterior, and collective-exterior to study wicked environmental issues.
We assert that cognizance is the key integrator to bring forth awareness, knowledge, and understanding within and across the four equally important perspectives. It has profound significance for global soil security because it reveals the underlying causes that jeopardize the security of soils and identifies chasms that constrain the sustainability of soil ecosystems. Cognizance is the i awareness and perceptions held by individuals and people interior perspectives , ii the facts, knowledge, and understanding of external phenomena exterior perspectives , and iii their interactive effects i.
Importantly, cognizance is preceding any other dimension of soil security connection, codification, capital, condition, and capability.
4th Global Soil Security
Reductionist approaches that are one-sided e. To achieve global soil security, it is necessary to grow ecological awareness evoking to value, care for, and secure the natural world including soils. Recognizing the significance of global soil security is closely linked to moral values and ethical beliefs people hold relative to soils.
These beliefs provide the motivation and appropriate actions needed within cultural, social, environmental, and institutional contexts to secure soils. Soil security denotes freedom from risks of losing a specific or a group of soil functions. This case study in the permanent protection area of Sana river PPA-Sana , Brazil, addresses the relationship between soil security and water security. Meta soil modeling is built on integral theory that facilitates to understand the complexity of soil, water, and other securities. The soil and water securities in the PPA-Sana are interconnected and at risk.
Specifically, one of the main problems is the discharge of soil sediments in the rivers as a consequence of soil erosion.
Soil erosion and compaction constrain soil and water security, and these were monitored and mapped in order to provide support for policy interventions. However, our findings suggest that producing better soil maps and more monitoring are not enough to improve soil and water security. On the contrary, awareness building, creating trust among stakeholders, and better integration among quadrants of the integral model would lead to an enhancement of soil and water security.
In essence, cognizance the sixth dimension of soil and other securities is profoundly important to allow integration of human and biophysical system dimensions. Modern technology, knowledge, and organization have greatly increased agricultural productivity, but management has prioritized short-term benefits from the production of food, fiber, and fuel. By not accounting for environmental and social costs, we have compromised the integrity of global ecosystems and caused negative impacts on our social environment.
For humans to live sustainably, we must prevent depletion of natural resources and protect their potential for self-replenishment. To continue receiving ecosystem goods and services, we must stop counting the consumption of natural capital as income. Regenerative agriculture could help reverse these negative trends, but a different research approach is needed to understand the impacts of regenerative management. Much component research does not translate into producing sustainable results on managed landscapes.